The Paralympic Winter games have taken place since 1976 and have always followed shortly after the Winter Olympics. 

The snow sports are split into classification of ability, including visual impairment, physical impairments such as limb loss or deficiency, muscular, and skeletal or nervous system deficiencies, which are split into standing or sitting class for Alpine & Nordic skiing.



The first of the speed skiing events, and the fastest, Downhill is not for the feint hearted. Gates are widely spaced when compared with other Alpine disciplines to allow competitors to maintain speeds of between 90 and 140km/h - sometimes more!

Standing, Sitting, Visually Impaired

Super G

The second of the speed events, Super-G is decided over one run, just like Downhill. Speeds are typically not quite as high as in the Downhill, as Super-G courses are more technical, with a mixture of turn angles, requiring a combination of speed and precision. The gates are not as frequent or tightly packed as in technical disciplines however courses are longer and steeper.

Standing, Sitting, Visually Impaired

Giant Slalom

Giant Slalom, or ‘GS’ as it is often abbreviated to, is a technical event timed over two runs, like Slalom. There are less gates on a GS course and they are spaced wider than in Slalom which allows for higher speeds.

Standing, Sitting, Visually Impaired


The most technical of all of the Alpine disciplines, Slalom requires supreme precision and concentration. There are up to 75 gates on course set as close at 75cm to one another. The course varies in pitch and riders will be challenged by changes in steepness, or transitions designed to catch competitors out.

Standing, Sitting, Visually Impaired


Competitors race against the clock over two runs on different courses, one run on the Downhill course and the second on the Slalom course. Positions are decided by the cumulative time over the two runs.

Standing, Sitting, Visually Impaired


Snowboard Cross

Qualifiers of two solo runs on a course featuring jumps, banked turns and wu-tangs. Finals involve 16 men/8 women with two athletes per heat.

Lower Limb, Upper Limb

Banked Slalom

Raced on a course with banked turns around slalom gates, athletes take three timed runs with their fastest determining their final result.

Lower Limb, Upper Limb


The Cross-Country events include long distance events requiring endurance to cover up to 20km and short and fast sprints showcasing explosive power. Biathlon combines the endurance and power of Cross Country skiing with the skill and precision of rifle shooting. 

Cross Country Skiing

Sprint Classic – 1.5km Standing, Visual Impairment
Sprint – 1.1km Sitting
10km/7.5km Classic Standing
10km/7.5km Visually Impaired
7.5km/6km Sitting
20km/15km Free Standing, Visually Impaired
15km/12km Sitting
4x2.5km Mixed Relay
4x2.5km Open Relay


First introduced to the Olympics at the 94 Lillehammer games, Para Biathlon combines cross country skiing and rifle marksmanship and requires both stamina and skill. For visually impaired athletes targets are found using audio signals and skiers may be guided around the course. Shooting is undertaken in the prone position for all classifications.

7.5km/6km Standing, Sitting, Visual Impaired
12.5km/10km Standing, Sitting, Visual Impaired
15km/12.5km Standing, Sitting, Visual Impaired